Tuesday, August 23, 2011

ASP.NET Page Life Cycle with example

Posted by Rahul Kharde at 3:16 AM

In this article, we are going to discuss the different methods and order they are executed during the load of an .aspx web page.

Before page Initialization
Page Initialization
View State Loading
Postback Data Processing
Page Loading
PostBack Change Notification
PostBack Event Handling
Page Pre Rendering Phase
View State Saving
Page Rendering
Page Unloading

PreInit : The entry point of the page life cycle is the pre-initialization phase called “PreInit”. You can dynamically set the values of master pages and themes in this event. You can also dynamically create controls in this event. 

Init : This event fires after each control has been initialized, each control's UniqueID is set and any skin settings have been applied. You can use this event to change initialization values for controls. The “Init” event is fired first for the most bottom control in the hierarchy, and then fired up the hierarchy until it is fired for the page itself. 

InitComplete: Raised once all initializations of the page and its controls have been completed. Till now the viewstate values are not yet loaded, hence you can use this event to make changes to view state that you want to make sure are persisted after the next postback

PreLoad : Raised after the page loads view state for itself and all controls, and after it processes postback data that is included with the Request instance
(1)Loads ViewState : ViewState data are loaded to controls
(2)Loads Postback data : postback data are now handed to the page
Load: The important thing to note about this event is the fact that by now, the page has been restored to its previous state in case of postbacks. Code inside the page load event typically checks for PostBack and then sets control properties appropriately. This method is typically used for most code, since this is the first place in the page lifecycle that all values are restored. Most code checks the value of IsPostBack to avoid unnecessarily resetting state. You may also wish to call Validate and check the value of IsValid in this method. You can also create dynamic controls in this method.

Control (PostBack) event(s) :ASP.NET now calls any events on the page or its controls that caused the PostBack to occur. This might be a button’s click event or a dropdown's selectedindexchange event.

LoadComplete :This event signals the end of Load.
PreRender : Allows final changes to the page or its control. This event takes place after all regular PostBack events have taken place. This event takes place before saving ViewState, so any changes made here are saved. For example : After this event, you cannot change any property of a button or change any viewstate value. Because, after this event, SaveStateComplete and Render events are called.

SaveStateComplete :Prior to this event the view state for the page and its controls is set. Any changes to the page’s controls at this point or beyond are ignored. 

Render : This is a method of the page object and its controls (and not an event). At this point, ASP.NET calls this method on each of the page’s controls to get its output. The Render method generates the client-side HTML, Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language (DHTML), and script that are necessary to properly display a control at the browser.

UnLoad : This event is used for cleanup code. After the page's HTML is rendered, the objects are disposed of. During this event, you should destroy any objects or references you have created in building the page. At this point, all processing has occurred and it is safe to dispose of any remaining objects, including the Page object. Cleanup can be performed on-
(a)Instances of classes i.e. objects
(b)Closing opened files
(c)Closing database connections
Below is example of the ASP.Net Life Cycle
HTML Default.aspx
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
<title>Untitled Page</title>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" OnClick="Button1_Click" Text="Page Button" />
Code Default.aspx
using System;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
int i = 0;
protected void Page_PreInit(object sender, EventArgs e)
Response.Write( "" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Pre-Init");

protected override void OnInit(EventArgs e)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Init");

protected void Page_InitComplete(object sender, EventArgs e)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Init Completed");

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
ViewState["test"] = "Test";
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Load");

protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Pre Render");

//protected override void Render(HtmlTextWriter writer)
// //Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Render");

protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Button Click");

protected override void OnUnload(EventArgs e)
// Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Unload");

public override void Dispose()
// Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Dispose");

protected override object SaveViewState()
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Save View State");
return base.SaveViewState();
public void RaisePostBackEvent(string eventArgument)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Raise Post Back Event");

public void RaisePostDataChangedEvent()
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Raise Post Data Change Event");

protected override void LoadViewState(object o)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Load View State");

private void Page_LoadComplete(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
Response.Write("" + (++i).ToString() + " Page Load Completed");
When a page request is sent to the Web server, the page is run through a series of events during its creation and disposal as below only Page_Unload and Dispose are not shown here.
Suppose the Button event get fire then it will create event as below (again Page_Unload and Dispose are not shown here because page already load when these event occurs)

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Unknown on June 23, 2012 at 5:11 AM said...

Very Helpful article. I was looking for such detail, but simple atricle. Thanks.

Able Alias on August 20, 2012 at 9:42 AM said...

good one

Anonymous said...

reallly it helped alot thanks

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